The theories of learning are theoretical developments that seek to understand how humans and animals learn.
In educational cognitivism, learners acquire their knowledge through information processing operations . These are some of the theoretical contributions related to cognitivism:
Cognitivist Theory of Jean Piaget.
Cognitive-Social Theory of Learning by Albert Bandura.
Characteristic that stands out to cognitivism: the learner acquires knowledge through the reception, absorption, processing and storage of information. It is not a simple recipient of external stimuli and reinforcements.
The foundation of this approach is that people build our own learning, Lebanon Email List through mental and physical activities that allow us an intellectual advance.
The theories of learning based on this approach believe that new knowledge is a construction product’s own abilities, previous knowledge and the environment.
Relevance of learning theories for education
The development of education is linked to the interest in knowing how we learn. The theories of learning are relevant for education because they explain the mechanisms of the learning process.
The learning process is continuous and natural for living beings. It is not just about learning concepts during an educational period. Learning also includes the acquisition of values, abilities and skills through practice and life experiences.
The theories of learning contribute to different educational approaches to understanding the physiological and mental processes social, biological, involved in the effective acquisition of knowledge.
Main learning theories
Unlike the study of learning, which has been done since ancient times, learning theories have their origin in the early twentieth century. Most modern theories spring from three main streams
Examples of positive reinforcement used in the classroom are reward and congratulations. Negative reinforcements include scolding or punishment. In addition, they are located in this stream:
Theories applied to e-learning
Research on the learning process continues to evolve, which has allowed the development of new approaches.
mobile lead By means of questions or test it is verified if the apprentice has acquired the desired knowledge. Depending on the result, you receive positive feedback messages or penalties for your mistakes.
Constructivist theories are used in online learning to encourage reflective activities in the learner. Also to create training experiences where he progressively builds his knowledge, relating what he learns in the online environment with reality.
The theories of learning provide us with important references to understand the issues involved in learning from different perspectives. They maintain their application in the most traditional educational modalities and also in online learning. From different approaches, learning theories analyze how we acquire, retain, retrieve and use the information acquired while learning. They analyze our interaction with the external elements that stimulate us and what our internal learning processes are like.